Pregouging with a fillotine with Robin Driscoll, Shaping oboe cane with Katherine Needleman, The cane preparation process by Reed Pros. The majority of reed makers find the double hollow ground, rather than the bevel knife, the easiest to work with. Line up the cane on the shaper and tighten the handle. To make a good, stable, consistent reed, blanks need to have tight sides and not leak. You can see that the opening at the bark is wider than the opening at the top of the heart which is wider than the opening at the tip—so there is a slight diminuendo shape (>) to the overall reed, but still with some definition between the windows and heart and between the heart and the tip. Soak the reed. Since I use a relatively narrow shaper tip, I often find that I take more out of the windows than other people with wider shaper tips. Lots In Stock. If the heart is too thin, it has the effect of making the tip longer. 12. Equipment – knives and stones Scrape forward, sometimes rotating the wrist to lighten toward the end of the scrape (when scraping the back to the heart), and moving the knife forward and down when thinning the end of the tip to avoid thickness at the end of the reed. When easy and vibrating well, add separation for focus and stability between the heart and the tip on the sides, and if needed, the center. Feel the bumps and unevenness in the cane through the knife and scrape over them, avoiding catching the knife in the cane, which can cause tears or make ridges bigger. 1. Most shapers are designed for an initial reed length of 72mm. doesn’t have too many discolourations, although some are fine. The reed will seem shallow, stuffy, and resistant. Check thickness, at least in the center, of each piece with the micrometer. Heart/Plateau length: 4–5mm Establish Heart. Be careful to leave a spine so the oboe reed does not collapse in the center. Try looking at your reeds from a profile and compare your reeds to the oboe reed diagram at the bottom of this page. The machine separates the reeds according to hardness. The strength is determined by a machine that presses against the vamp (the part that includes the tip and the "heart" just behind the tip) of the reed and determines how stiff the reed is. 10% coupon applied at checkout Save 10% with coupon. 2. Take a couple scrapes out of each side of the heart and tip. Cane preparation Oboe Reed FAQ. Heart/Plateau length: 7–8mm Free-blowing responsive reed with a pleasant clear tone used by early-stage players up to advanced free-blowers Regency Oboe Reed. It doesn’t pump blood through the rest of the reed—but if you take it away, the reed will not have structure. Put the tube on the mandrel. Regrinding the reed knife (also putting a first burr on a new knife), 4. I feel that thinking in terms of questions is always a helpful tool in evaluating and making oboe reeds. Tip length: 3–4mm The rails and spine in the heart can also be narrowed to allow more vibration and ease if the reed continues to be too hard and stiff. I will usually crow the oboe reed at this point and scrape the back and clip the tip to hear 2–3 octave “Cs”. Fold the cane in the middle over a finger or knife. Avoid nicks between the heart and back by letting the knife come up at the end of the stroke into the heart. This profile view can help you diagnose many different problems and help you make your reeds feel more consistent. Since I use a relatively narrow shaper tip, I often find that I take more out of the windows than other people with wider shaper tips. Mark on the reed with a pencil the top and bottom of the heart (65 and 60mm), and keep redrawing these marks as they are scraped off. If the heart is too thick, it has the effect of isolating the tip and preventing the rest of the reed from vibrating enough. The Heart – The heart of the reed is, well, the heart of the reed. 4. Tone (does it make a nice sound) 5. Keep the blade dry and oiled by resting the blade on a cotton swab with mineral oil on it when finished gouging. The plaque is helpful when scraping the tip and heart, but not necessary when scraping the back. This burr can be felt by running fingers over the edge of the knife (not along the knife edge as that can cut). Basic outline of a North American, long scrape style oboe reed: Scraping the tip edge with Tiffany DiPiazza, Scraping the sides of the tip with Tiffany DiPiazza. As a result there are two types: a wider reed - for the German system, and more a narrow reed with a long staple - for the French oboe. Tying On English horn, Oboe d’Amore, and bass oboe reeds, 14. Pitch (sharp or flat or change depending on note) 4. The tube should either extend past the end of the mandrel or match it. 15. Thinner blades are easier for detail and cutting the tip, thicker blades for consistent smooth scraping. Suggested Shapes: Gilbert-1, Giacobassi, Gouge: .62mm in the center, cane diameter of 11–11.5 Also, the thread must be pulled tight but not tied over the end of the tube, and the sides of the cane should be slipped correctly and locked tightly together. Usually beginning reed makers do not sharpen their knives nearly enough. For me, the reed below has too little definition. Read our online guide to learn about the various oboe reed making tools available for your use. Cane selection 5. When clipping with either a knife or razor blade, hold the reed in one hand, and the knife in the other. This stone is medium coarse, and works best with oil particularly when new. Create separation by scraping, or scoring, between the sections. Left handed people may reverse the knife and reed hands. 29. Generally look for harder cane with tight, small grains (vascular bundles) for more easily successful reeds. If too much is clipped off, the reed can become too hard to hold together with the embouchure, unresponsive, and resistant. Get it as soon as Mon, Jan 11. Cross over with the thread and wrap down the rest of the tube, continuing to pull tightly, especially as the thread comes around the reed. Finished length: 55–57mm Helping you improve your oboe playing with Dr. Sarah Hamilton, 1. Scrape over the sides of the tip, and outline the reed before putting it away (optional). This is an oboe reed utilising an American scrape, different to the European scrape - it removes more of the 'heart' of the reed. Of all the scraping operations, scraping from the heart has the most damaging effect on the reed’s stability, so test frequently. Keep in mind, there should be a slight taper from the thread of the reed to the tip of the reed (similar to the shape of a diminuendo >). 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