Market data provided by Factset. The psychologists, personally conducted interrogations of some of the CIA's most significant detainees using these, techniques. In 2008, the CIA's Rendition, Detention, and Interrogation Group, the lead unit for detention and, interrogation opera^ns at the CIA, had atotal of positions, which were filled with | CIA, staff officers and contractors, meaning that contractors made up 85% of the workforce for, #14: CIA detainees were subjected to coercive interrogation techniques that had not been. Topics CIA, Torture, Crime, terror, war on terror, document, pdf, download, free download Collection opensource Language English. The CIA's Detention and Interrogation Pi-ogram created tensions with U.S. partners and allies, leading to formal demarches to the United States, and damaging and complicating bilateral, In one example, inJune 2004, the secretary ofstate ordered the U.S. ambassador inCountry | to, deliver ademarche to CounteyB/li^ssence demanding [Country | Government] provide full, access to all [Country | detainees" to the International Committee ofthe Red, Cross. information to justify the detention of many other detainees. The chief of, interrogations described COBALT as a "dungeon. CIA identified as its highest priorities. on December 10, 2014. The CIA did not hold any detainees after April 2008. The use of coercive interrogation techniques and covert detention facilities that did not meet, traditional U.S. standards resulted in the FBI and the Department of Defense limiting their. Beginning with the CIA's first detainee, Abu Zubaydah, and continuing with numerous others, the CIA applied its enhanced interrogation techniques with significant repetition for days or, weeks at a time. The CIA, kept few formal records of the detainees in its custody at COBALT. CIA records provide insufficient. interrogation operations. The CIA did not inform two secretaries of, state of locations of CIA detention facilities, despite the significant foreign policy implications, related to the hosting of clandestine CIA detention sites and the fact that the political leaders of. 9. #15: The CIA did not conduct a comprehensive or accurate accounting of the number of, individuals it detained, and held individuals who did not meet the legal standard for, detention. "^^ In neither case was administrative action taken against CIA, #18: The CIA marginalized and ignored numerous internal critiques, criticisms, and, objections concerning the operation and management of the CIA's Detention and, Critiques, criticisms, and objections were expressed by numerous CIA officers, including senior, personnel overseeing and managing the program, as well as analysts, interrogators, and medical. Other times, the detainees at COBALT, were subjected to what was described as a "rough takedown," in which approximately five CIA, officers would scream at a detainee, drag him outside of his cell, cut his clothes off, and secure, him with Mylar tape. members that related to CIA inteiTogation activities. The interrogator's hand is held with the fingers together and straight and slaps the detainee's abdomen. The CIA led, several detainees to believe they would never be allowed to leave CIA custody alive, suggesting, to one detainee that he would only leave in a coffin-shaped box.^ Oneinterrogator told another, detainee that he would never go to court, because "we can never let the world know what I have, done to you. In 2007, the CIA provided a multi-year indemnification, agreement to protect the company and its employees from legal liability arising out of the. "^ The, same CIA officer explained to a colleague that "when the [Washington Post]/[New York Tjimes, quotes 'senior intelligence official,' it's us... authorized and directed by opa [CIA's Office of, Much of the information the CIA provided to the media on the operation of the CIA's Detention, and Interrogation Program and the effectiveness of its enhanced inteiTogation techniques was. Zubaydah was described as "hysterical" after these sessions and "distressed to a level that he was unable to effectively communicate." ... enhanced interrogation techniques had already been subjected to the techniques.The CIA did. The CIA represented to the White House, the National Security Council, the Department of, Justice, the CIA Office of Inspector General, the Congress, and the public that the best measure, of effectiveness of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques was examples of specific. Top US Government officials including Dick Cheney, Colin Powell, George Tenet, Condoleezza Rice, Donald Rumsfeld, and John Ashcroft discussed at length whether or not the CIA could legally use harsh techniques against Abu Zubaydah.Condoleezza Rice specifically mentione… Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. impeding a proper legal analysis of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program. Shortly thereafter, the CIA outsourced vktually all aspects of the program. Program more than six months after being granted detention authorities. information from the use of the techniques. The inaccurate information was, included in the final May 2004 Special Review, which was later declassified and released, In 2005, CIA Director Goss requested in writing that the inspector general not initiate further, reviews of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program until reviews already underway were, completed. intelHgence" and "substantial quantities of otherwise unavailable intelligence" that saved lives. On two occasions in which the CIA inspector general identified wrongdoing, accountability, recommendations were ovennled by senior CIA leadership. CIA officers regularly called into, question whether the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques were effective, assessing that the. Ability to Quickly Acquire High Value Information. Two such positions, used on Zubaydah, were to have him sit on the floor with his legs stretched out in front of him and his arms above his head, or kneeling on the floor while leaning back at a 45-degree angle, Rizzo said in his book. Other detainees provided significant accurate intelligence prior to, or without having been, While being subjected to the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques and afterwards, multiple, CIA detainees fabricated information, resulting in faulty intelligence. whose review relied on briefings with CIA officers and contractors running the program, concluded only that the "CIA Detainee Program" was a "success" without addressing the, effectiveness of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques.^^, In 2005, in response to the recommendation by the inspector general for a review of the, effectiveness of each of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques, the CIA asked two, individuals not employed by the CIA to conduct a broader review of "the entirety of the, "rendition, detention and interrogation program. Market data provided by Factset. Prior to mid-2004, the CIA routinely subjected detainees to nudity and dietary manipulation. #12: The CIA's management and operation of its Detention and Interrogation Program, was deeply flawed throughout the program's duration, particularly so in 2002 and early, The CIA's COBALT detention facility in Country | began operations inSeptember 2002 and, ultimately housed more than half of the 119CIA detainees identified in this Study. Briefings to the full Conmiittee beginning on September 6, 2006, also contained, numerous inaccui*acies, including inaccurate descriptions of how interrogation techniques were, applied and what information was obtained from CIA detainees. approved by the Department of Justice or had not been authorized by CIA Headquarters. None of these techniques had been approved by the Department of Justice. An "informal, operational assessment" of the program, led by two senior CIA officers who were not part of the, CIA's Counterterrorism Center, determined that it would not be possible to assess the, effectiveness of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques without violating "Federal Policy. There was little agreement among the dissidents who had been vigilant for a decade in calling attention to these egregious behaviors vs. those who believed that APA was not supporting torture in its policy and actions. The CIA last used its enhanced interrogation. poorly were rarely held accountable or removed from positions of responsibility. Unknown CIA officers prepared documents indicating, that "critical portions of the Report are patently false or misleading, especially certain key factual, claims..CIA Director Hayden testified to the Committee that "numerous false allegations of, physical and threatened abuse and faulty legal assumptions and analysis in the [ICRC] report, #19; The CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program was inherently unsustainable and, had effectively ended by 2006 due to unauthorized press disclosures, reduced cooperation. All rights reserved. Untrained CIA officers at, the facility conducted frequent, unauthorized, and unsupervised interrogations of detainees using, harsh physical interrogation techniques that were not—and never became—part of the CIA's, formal "enhanced" interrogation program. Get all the stories you need-to-know from the most powerful name in news delivered first thing every morning to your inbox. Walling — Interrogators slam detainees against a wall. Until then, the CIA had declined to answer questions fi"om other Committee. After this, the CIA came to the conclusion that he ""does not appear to be the subject involved in... current plans or activities against U.S. personnel or facilities." "^"^ According to one individual, the review was, "heavily reliant on the willingness of [CIA CounterteiTorism Center] staff to provide us with the, factual material that forms the basis of our conclusions." The, CIA's review identified risks associated with clandestine detention that led it to conclude that, U.S. military bases were the best option for the CIA to detain individuals under the MON, authorities. Nordid the reviews seek to confirm whether the intelligence cited by, the CIA as being obtained "as a result" of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques was, unique and "otherwise unavailable," as claimed by the CIA, and not previously obtainedfrom, #17: The CIA rarely reprimanded or held personnel accountable for serious and, significant violations, inappropriate activities, and systemic and individual management, CIA officers and CIA contractors who were found to have violated CIA policies or performed. At one point, Khalid Sheik Mohammad was water-boarded 65 times between the afternoon of March 12, 2003 and the morning of March 13. Associated Press 2014-12-10T10:15:00Z The letter F. An envelope. The CIA withheld or restricted information relevant to these, agencies' missions and responsibilities, denied access to detainees, and provided inaccurate. At a Presidential Daily Briefing session that day, the president approved CIA's. James E. Mitchell & John B. Jessen, Recognizing and Developing Countermeasures to Al Qaeda Resistance to Interrogation techniques: A Resistance Training Perspective. the CIA's claim that the techniques were necessary to save lives. #5: The CIA repeatedly provided inaccurate information to the Department of Justice. CIA Headquarters instructed that at least four CIA detainees be placed in host country detention, facilities because the individuals did not meet the MON standard for CIA detention. In surveying the scientific literature, this paper corrects some persistent misconceptions about torture, concluding that some of the most deleterious effects of “enhanced interrogation techniques” are not physical at all, but distinctly psychological. Legal Statement. techniques’ from torture, in claiming that ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’ only created discom- fort, not pain. of mediocre or, I dare say, useless intelligence. Enhanced Interrogation: Inside the Minds and Motives of the Islamic Terrorists Trying To Destroy America - Kindle edition by Mitchell, James E., Harlow, Bill. Water Dousing — Naked detainees were held down on a tarp on the floor, according to the Senate report. On March 22, 2003, al-Qaida leader Khalid Sheikh Mohammed underwent "intense" questioning and walling. Tensions, among interrogators extended to complaints about the safety and effectiveness of each other's, The CIA placed individuals with no applicable experience or training in senior detention and, interrogation roles, and providedinadequate linguistic and analytical support to conduct effective, questioning of CIA detainees, resulting in diminished intelligence. Central to the debate on the use of “enhanced” interrogation techniques is the question of whether those techniques are effective in gaining intelligence. Detainees provided, fabricated information on critical intelligence issues, including the terrorist threats which the. officers involved in or supporting CIA detention and interrogation operations. Committee in Januai-y 2003. The OLC determined that "under the cun*ent circumstances, necessity or selfdefense, may justify interrogation methods that might violate" the criminal prohibition against, On the same day, a second OLC opinion approved, for the first time, the use of 10 specific, coercive interrogation techniques against Abu Zubaydah—subsequently referred to as the CIA's, "enhanced interrogation techniques." interview and interrogation Immersive Learning Simulations (ILS). The CIA has since paid out more than $1 million pursuant to the agreement. use of the techniques failed to elicit detainee cooperation or produce accurate intelligence. Definitions Facial Animation Coding System (FACS). In, early 2004, the U.S. Supreme Court decision to grant certiorari in the case of Rasul v. Bush. interrogations or coercive interrogation techniques. Be the first one to, Senate Report on CIA Torture - 2014 - PDF - Download, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). coercive interrogation techniques. The Facial Slap/Insult Slap — The interrogator slaps the detainee in the face, with fingers spread, striking between the chin and earlobe, Rizzo explained in his book. That legislation was, approved by the Senate and the House of Representatives in Febniary 2008, and was vetoed by. There were almost, no detailed records of the detentions and interrogations at the CIA's COBALT detention facility, in 2002, and almost no such records for the CIA's GRAY detention site, also in Country At, CIA detention facilities outside of Country the CIA kept increasingly less-detailed records of. 5. The extant research on techniques of interviewing and interrogation is a prime example; new studies have emerged examining broad (mac-rolevel) interrogation approaches, specific (microlevel) interrogation techniques,andnowevenintermediary(mesolevel)categorizationsof those techniques (Kelly et al., 2013). the Department of Justice, and the White House. work with the CIA. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. Can’t pay your mortgage during coronavirus? On November jf, 2002, adetainee who had been held. In providing the "effectiveness" examples to policymakers, the Department of Justice, and, others, the CIA consistently omitted the significant amount of relevant intelligence obtained, from sources other than CIA detainees who had been subjected to the CIA's enhanced, interrogation techniques—leaving the false impression the CIA was acquiring unique. The deputy director, for operations stated that the CIA inspector general's draft Special Review should have come to, the "conclusion that our efforts have thwarted attacks and saved lives,"^^ while the CIA general, counsel accused the inspector general of presenting "an imbalanced and inaccurate picmre" of, the program. Abdominal Slap — The purpose was to cause the detainee to feel fear and despair, to punish certain behavior and humiliate or insult the detainee, according to a description in government documents, obtained by the American Civil Liberties Union in 2009. Dietary Manipulation — This technique involved switching from solid foods to liquid. information on the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program to these agencies. The CIA's claims about the number of detainees held and subjected to its. Although these incidents were recorded in CIA cables and, in at least some cases were, identified at the time by supervisors at CIA Headquarters as being inappropriate, corrective. 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